Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities (EJPAU) founded by all Polish Agriculture Universities presents original papers and review articles relevant to all aspects of agricultural sciences. It is target for persons working both in science and industry,regulatory agencies or teaching in agricultural sector. Covered by IFIS Publishing (Food Science and Technology Abstracts), ELSEVIER Science - Food Science and Technology Program, CAS USA (Chemical Abstracts), CABI Publishing UK and ALPSP (Association of Learned and Professional Society Publisher - full membership). Presented in the Master List of Thomson ISI.
2005
Volume 8
Issue 4
Topic:
Veterinary Medicine
ELECTRONIC
JOURNAL OF
POLISH
AGRICULTURAL
UNIVERSITIES
Kajdasz S. , Kungl K. , Kurosad A. 2005. USEFULNESS OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF LIVER DISEASES IN CATS, EJPAU 8(4), #62.
Available Online: http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume8/issue4/abs-62.html

USEFULNESS OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF LIVER DISEASES IN CATS

Sylwia Kajdasz, Krisztina Kungl, Agnieszka Kurosad
Department of Internal and Parasitic Diseases with Clinic for Horses, Dogs and Cats, University of Agriculture in Wroc│aw, Poland

 

ABSTRACT



20 cats of both gender, different age and breed were investigated. Animals which had clinical symptoms like: anorexia, rapid weight loss and jaundice were included in the clinical group. Additionally, hepatomegaly was confirmed in all cats by palpation. The following hematological and blood serum laboratory tests were conducted: WBC, differential white blood cells count, Ht, Hb, RBC, MCHC, MCV, serum concentrations of urea, creatinine, bilirubin, glucose and fructozamine, enzyme activities of Lipase, AlAT, AspAT, GGT, AP and electrolyte concentrations: Na+, K+, Cl-. In animals designated blood clotting tests were performed: APTT, PT, TZ, thrombocytes and clotting time.

In the results distinct elevation of AlAT, GGT and AP activity and bilirubin concentration in serum were observed. Ultrasonographic (USG) evaluation revealed generalized hyperechocity of the liver. The above results together with clinical observations led to an initial diagnosis of primary liver disease in these animals. For specific diagnosis Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) of the liver was performed. Histological evaluation of aspirated hepatic tissue revealed 10 cases of hepatic lipidosis, 2 cases of lymphoma and 2 cases of cholangiohepatitis. In 6 cases a definite and final diagnosis could not be reached, since either normal cytological structure of the liver or cellular atypia were found.

FNA was found to be an effective (70%), safe and easy to perform diagnostic method in liver diseases, particularly in cases of primary generalized liver disease in cats.

Key words: feline, liver, hepatic diseases, fine needle aspiration.


Sylwia Kajdasz
Department of Internal and Parasitic Diseases with Clinic for Horses, Dogs and Cats,
University of Agriculture in Wroc│aw, Poland
pl. Grunwaldzki 47, 50-366 Wroc│aw, Poland
phone: +48 71 3205377
fax: +48 71 3205360

Krisztina Kungl
Department of Internal and Parasitic Diseases with Clinic for Horses, Dogs and Cats,
University of Agriculture in Wroc│aw, Poland
pl. Grunwaldzki 47, 50-366 Wroc│aw, Poland
phone: +48 71 3205377
fax: +48 71 3205360
email: szunyog2@ozi.ar.wroc.pl

Agnieszka Kurosad
Department of Internal and Parasitic Diseases with Clinic for Horses, Dogs and Cats,
University of Agriculture in Wroc│aw, Poland
pl. Grunwaldzki 47, 50-366 Wroc│aw, Poland
phone: +48 71 3205377
fax: +48 71 3205360

Responses to this article, comments are invited and should be submitted within three months of the publication of the article. If accepted for publication, they will be published in the chapter headed 'Discussions' and hyperlinked to the article.