Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities (EJPAU) founded by all Polish Agriculture Universities presents original papers and review articles relevant to all aspects of agricultural sciences. It is target for persons working both in science and industry,regulatory agencies or teaching in agricultural sector. Covered by IFIS Publishing (Food Science and Technology Abstracts), ELSEVIER Science - Food Science and Technology Program, CAS USA (Chemical Abstracts), CABI Publishing UK and ALPSP (Association of Learned and Professional Society Publisher - full membership). Presented in the Master List of Thomson ISI.
2015
Volume 18
Issue 3
Topic:
Agronomy
ELECTRONIC
JOURNAL OF
POLISH
AGRICULTURAL
UNIVERSITIES
Płaza A. , Makarewicz A. , G±siorowska B. 2015. TUBER YIELD AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF TABLE POTATO FERTILIZED OF DIFFERENT ORGANIC MANURE IN ORGANIC AND INTEGRATED SYSTEM, EJPAU 18(3), #01.
Available Online: http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume18/issue3/abs-01.html

TUBER YIELD AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF TABLE POTATO FERTILIZED OF DIFFERENT ORGANIC MANURE IN ORGANIC AND INTEGRATED SYSTEM

Anna Płaza, Artur Makarewicz, Barbara G±siorowska
Department of Plant Cultivation, University of Podlasie in Siedlce, Poland

 

ABSTRACT

The work presents research results from 2006–2009. The study aimed at
comparing tuber yield performance and quality of potato tubers manured with undersown
catch crops in the integrated and organic production system. Two factors were
considered in the experiment: 1. manuring with undersown catch crop: control
(no catch crop), farmyard manure, undersown catch crop biomass ploughed under
in the autumn (Persian clover, Persian clover + westerwolds ryegrass, westerwolds
ryegrass), undersown catch crop biomass retained as mulch on the soil surface
until the spring (Persian clover, Persian clover + westerwolds ryegrass, westerwolds
ryegrass); and 2. production system: integrated and organic. Spring triticale
cultivated for grain was undersown with the catch crops and was followed by table
potatoes the following year. At harvest, the total and marketable yields of potato
tubers were measured. Samples were taken to determine starch content, vitamin
C content and true protein content. The results of the study demonstrated that
the highest potato tuber yields were harvested from Persian clover/westerwolds
ryegrass plots as well as Persian clover mulch plots. Potato tuber yield and
chemical composition were affected by the production system. An application of
undersown catch crops, excluding westerwolds ryegrass, can fully replace farmyard
manure used in potato cultivation.

Key words: potato, undersown catch crop, mulch, production system, yield, quality.


Anna Płaza
Department of Plant Cultivation,
University of Podlasie in Siedlce, Poland
B. Prusa 14, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
email: plaza@ap.siedlce.pl

Artur Makarewicz
Department of Plant Cultivation,
University of Podlasie in Siedlce, Poland
B. Prusa 14, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland

Barbara G±siorowska
Department of Plant Cultivation,
University of Podlasie in Siedlce, Poland
B. Prusa 14, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland

Responses to this article, comments are invited and should be submitted within three months of the publication of the article. If accepted for publication, they will be published in the chapter headed 'Discussions' and hyperlinked to the article.