Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities (EJPAU) founded by all Polish Agriculture Universities presents original papers and review articles relevant to all aspects of agricultural sciences. It is target for persons working both in science and industry,regulatory agencies or teaching in agricultural sector. Covered by IFIS Publishing (Food Science and Technology Abstracts), ELSEVIER Science - Food Science and Technology Program, CAS USA (Chemical Abstracts), CABI Publishing UK and ALPSP (Association of Learned and Professional Society Publisher - full membership). Presented in the Master List of Thomson ISI.
2014
Volume 17
Issue 4
Topic:
Agronomy
ELECTRONIC
JOURNAL OF
POLISH
AGRICULTURAL
UNIVERSITIES
Gołębiowska H. , Weber R. , Pl±skowska E. 2014. THE EFFECT OF SELECTED AGROECOLOGICAL FACTORS ON HEALTH OF MAIZE CULTIVARS, EJPAU 17(4), #02.
Available Online: http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume17/issue4/abs-02.html

THE EFFECT OF SELECTED AGROECOLOGICAL FACTORS ON HEALTH OF MAIZE CULTIVARS

Hanna Gołębiowska1, Ryszard Weber2, Elżbieta Pl±skowska3
1 Department of Herbology and Soil Tillage Techniques, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, State Research Institute, Wrocław, Poland
2 Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Department of Ecology and Soil Tillage, National Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
3 Department of Plant Protection, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Wrocław, Poland

 

ABSTRACT

The problem of infestation of maize (Zea mays) grain with mycotoxins,
in the view of particular agroecological conditions, i.e. simplified tillage,
chemical protection against weeds, require continuous and profound research.
The aim of the research carried out in 2008–2010 was to determine the effect
of weed infestation on the increased  occurrence of  fungus diseases
in two maize cultivars depending on the used simplified tillage systems and determination
of the level of mycotoxins in tested grain cultivars. Poor efficiency of the  rimsulfuron
herbicide, applied in combination with an adjuvant, as well as decreased tolerance
of SALGADO cultivar to that chemical compound were the cause of the following
disadvantageous phenomena: increased weed infestation with Echinochloa crus-galli (L.)
P. Beaur., Chenopodium album L. and Artemisia vulgaris L.,
more considerable grain infestation with fungi of F. culmorum and F. avenaceum
species
, significant decrease in grain yield size and elevated level of deoxynivalenol
(2.648 mg·kg-1) and zearaleon (0.273 mg·kg-1)
mycotoxins in grain as compared to the not treated object and to BLASK cultivar,
especially in simplified tillage.

Key words: simplified tillage, weed infestation, Fusarium oxysporum, F. culmorum, F. avenaceum, deoxynivalenol, nivalenol, zearalenone.


Hanna Gołębiowska
Department of Herbology and Soil Tillage Techniques, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, State Research Institute, Wrocław, Poland
Orzechowa 61
50-540 Wrocław, Poland
email: h.golebiowska@iung.wroclaw.pl

Ryszard Weber
Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Department of Ecology and Soil Tillage, National Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Orzechowa 61
50-540 Wrocław, Poland
Phone: +48 71 363 8707
email: rweber@iung.pulawy.pl

Elżbieta Pl±skowska
Department of Plant Protection, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Wrocław, Poland
pl. Grunwaldzki 24a
Wrocław, Poland

Responses to this article, comments are invited and should be submitted within three months of the publication of the article. If accepted for publication, they will be published in the chapter headed 'Discussions' and hyperlinked to the article.