Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities (EJPAU) founded by all Polish Agriculture Universities presents original papers and review articles relevant to all aspects of agricultural sciences. It is target for persons working both in science and industry,regulatory agencies or teaching in agricultural sector. Covered by IFIS Publishing (Food Science and Technology Abstracts), ELSEVIER Science - Food Science and Technology Program, CAS USA (Chemical Abstracts), CABI Publishing UK and ALPSP (Association of Learned and Professional Society Publisher - full membership). Presented in the Master List of Thomson ISI.
2014
Volume 17
Issue 1
Topic:
Veterinary Medicine
ELECTRONIC
JOURNAL OF
POLISH
AGRICULTURAL
UNIVERSITIES
Moharib S. , Shehata M. , Salama A. , Hegazi M. 2014. EFFECT OF FRUCTOOLIGOSACCHARIDES IN CYNARA SCOLYMUS AND ALLIUM CEPA ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID METABOLISM IN RATS, EJPAU 17(1), #02.
Available Online: http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume17/issue1/abs-02.html

EFFECT OF FRUCTOOLIGOSACCHARIDES IN CYNARA SCOLYMUS AND ALLIUM CEPA ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID METABOLISM IN RATS

Sorial Adly Moharib1, M. M. Shehata1, A. F. Salama2, M. A. Hegazi2
1 Biochemistry Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
2 Chemistry department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Egypt

 

ABSTRACT

Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are dietary fibers found naturally at high concentrations in Cynara scolymus and Allium cepa used as natural sources of FOS. FOS have a prebiotic effects which stimulate gut microflora, hypoglycemic and hypocholesterolemic effects. Chemical analysis of dry artichoke and onion revealed the presence of different amounts (g/100g DM) of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids (83.4, 90.3% and 7.5, 6.9% and 1.61, 1.74% respectively). Quantitative and qualitative analysis revealed the presence of kestose, nystose and fructosylnystose as major components. Rats were divided into three groups one fed with control (HCD) and two experimental groups fed with dry artichoke (DA) and dry onion (DO) diets supplemented with 10% FOS/kg diet for 8 weeks. áThe results showed a high, significant decrease in glucose and lipid profile in sera of rats fed with the two supplemented diets (DA and DO) diets compared with control. Another beneficial effect was the lowering of liver lipids and glycogen content. Thus the FOS supplementation in diets has hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic effects and prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

Key words: dietary fibers, kestose, nystose, cardiovascular diseases and diet.


Sorial Adly Moharib
Biochemistry Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt

email: smoharib@yahoo.com

M. M. Shehata
Biochemistry Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt


A. F. Salama
Chemistry department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Egypt


M. A. Hegazi
Chemistry department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Egypt


Responses to this article, comments are invited and should be submitted within three months of the publication of the article. If accepted for publication, they will be published in the chapter headed 'Discussions' and hyperlinked to the article.