Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities (EJPAU) founded by all Polish Agriculture Universities presents original papers and review articles relevant to all aspects of agricultural sciences. It is target for persons working both in science and industry,regulatory agencies or teaching in agricultural sector. Covered by IFIS Publishing (Food Science and Technology Abstracts), ELSEVIER Science - Food Science and Technology Program, CAS USA (Chemical Abstracts), CABI Publishing UK and ALPSP (Association of Learned and Professional Society Publisher - full membership). Presented in the Master List of Thomson ISI.
2013
Volume 16
Issue 4
Topic:
Agricultural Engineering
ELECTRONIC
JOURNAL OF
POLISH
AGRICULTURAL
UNIVERSITIES
Salawu A. , Suleiman M. , Isiaka M. 2013. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF JATROPHA CURCAS SEED, EJPAU 16(4), #07.
Available Online: http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume16/issue4/abs-07.html

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF JATROPHA CURCAS SEED

A.T. Salawu1, M.L. Suleiman2, M. Isiaka2
1 No. 5 Augustine O. Salawu Street, Worgor Area, Ejigbo. Osun State. Nigeria
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
2 Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to investigate the physical properties of Jatropha
curcas
seed (JCS) found in North West Ecological Zone of Nigeria. The seed
length, width, thickness, geometric mean diameter, sphericity, one thousand seed
weight, surface area, unit volume, bulk volume, true density, bulk density, specific
surface area, porosity, static angle of repose and coefficient of static friction
were the parameters investigated at 7.5% moisture content dry basis. The obtained
results range from 15.13–18.89 mm, 10.02–11.95 mm, 5.58–9.20
mm and 10.46–12.62 mm for length, width, thickness and geometric mean diameter,
respectively. The unit volume, bulk volume, one thousand seed weight, true density,
bulk density and porosity were found to be in the range of 79.00–85.00
cm3, 138.00–153.00 cm3, 535.30–611.90 g, 0.67–0.73 g cm-3,
0.37–0.42 g cm-3 and 38.41–45.70%, respectively. Sphericity, surface
area, specific surface area and static angle of repose investigated were in the
range of 56.15–72.37%, 3.44–5.01 cm2, 4.88–5.49 cm2 cm-3, and
23.03–28.66░, respectively. The coefficient of static friction against
the surfaces examined was in the range of 0.235–0.244, 0.415–0.455,
0.450–0.465 and 0.361–0.375 for steel sheet, ply wood, rubber and
aluminium, respectively. The properties will provide a data base for designing
equipment for production, handling, processing and storage of the seeds.

Key words: Jatropha curcas seed, physical properties.


A.T. Salawu
No. 5 Augustine O. Salawu Street, Worgor Area, Ejigbo. Osun State. Nigeria
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

email: atpsalawu@gmail.com

M.L. Suleiman
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria


M. Isiaka
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria


Responses to this article, comments are invited and should be submitted within three months of the publication of the article. If accepted for publication, they will be published in the chapter headed 'Discussions' and hyperlinked to the article.