Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities (EJPAU) founded by all Polish Agriculture Universities presents original papers and review articles relevant to all aspects of agricultural sciences. It is target for persons working both in science and industry,regulatory agencies or teaching in agricultural sector. Covered by IFIS Publishing (Food Science and Technology Abstracts), ELSEVIER Science - Food Science and Technology Program, CAS USA (Chemical Abstracts), CABI Publishing UK and ALPSP (Association of Learned and Professional Society Publisher - full membership). Presented in the Master List of Thomson ISI.
2011
Volume 14
Issue 4
Topic:
Veterinary Medicine
ELECTRONIC
JOURNAL OF
POLISH
AGRICULTURAL
UNIVERSITIES
Brudnicki W. , Nowicki W. , Brudnicki A. , Skoczylas B. , Kirkiłło-Stacewicz K. , Wach J. , Grzywacz K. 2011. MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE CRANIAL CAVITY AND THE OCCIPITAL REGION OF THE SKULL IN AUROCHS (BOS PRIMIGENIUS BOJANUS 1827), EJPAU 14(4), #11.
Available Online: http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume14/issue4/abs-11.html

MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE CRANIAL CAVITY AND THE OCCIPITAL REGION OF THE SKULL IN AUROCHS (BOS PRIMIGENIUS BOJANUS 1827)

Witold Brudnicki1, Włodzimierz Nowicki1, Adam Brudnicki2, Benedykt Skoczylas1, Krzysztof Kirkiłło-Stacewicz1, Jan Wach1, Karol Grzywacz3
1 Department of Animal Morphology and Hunting, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, UTP University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland
2 University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz, Poland
3 Department of Animal Morphology and Hunting, University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz, Poland

 

ABSTRACT

The skull was found in the Tuchola Forest (Kuyavia and Pomerania Province)
in the area of Tuchola. The skull was almost complete, with only a part of the
incisive bone and the mandible missing. Observations and measurements allowed
to broaden the knowledge about the next morphometric data concerning these extinct
species. The capacity of the cranial cavity in investigated species was 710 cm3 
and was much bigger then capacity of other Bovidae except for European
bison (more than 12 years). The inner length of the cranial cavity measured from
the rooster comb to the bregma point was 155 m. The comparison of the capacity
of the cranial cavity in auroch with domestic cattle proves the higher capacity
of the cranial cavity in auroch. Considering the auroch as the ancestor of the
cattle it confirms  Bogolubski's (1968) thesis that wild game has the higher
capacity of the cranial cavity in comparison with the related domestic animals.

Key words: aurochs, skull, morphometry, cranial cavity, occipital region.


Witold Brudnicki
Department of Animal Morphology and Hunting, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, UTP University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Bernardyńska 6
85-029 Bydgoszcz
Poland
email: anat@utp.edu.pl

Włodzimierz Nowicki
Department of Animal Morphology and Hunting, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, UTP University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Bernardyńska 6
85-029 Bydgoszcz
Poland
email: wlodek_novika@interia.eu

Adam Brudnicki
University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz, Poland
Mazowiecka 28, 85-084 Bydgoszcz, Poland
email: brudnicki.adam@gmail.com

Benedykt Skoczylas
Department of Animal Morphology and Hunting, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, UTP University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Bernardyńska 6
85-029 Bydgoszcz
Poland
email: anat@utp.edu.pl

Krzysztof Kirkiłło-Stacewicz
Department of Animal Morphology and Hunting, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, UTP University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Bernardyńska 6
85-029 Bydgoszcz
Poland
email: krzysztof.stacewicz@o2.pl

Jan Wach
Department of Animal Morphology and Hunting, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, UTP University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Bernardyńska 6
85-029 Bydgoszcz
Poland
Phone: 052 374 95 10
email: janwach82@poczta.onet.pl

Karol Grzywacz
Department of Animal Morphology and Hunting,
University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz, Poland
Bernardyńska 6, 85-029 Bydgoszcz, Poland
email: kgz@tuchola.pl

Responses to this article, comments are invited and should be submitted within three months of the publication of the article. If accepted for publication, they will be published in the chapter headed 'Discussions' and hyperlinked to the article.